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Pain in the vertebral column.
Lumbar puncture for examination of the spinal fluid; rachiocentesis.
Curvature of the spine.
Effusion of fluid within the vertebral canal.
Humpbacked curvature of spine; kyphosis.
Inflammation of the spinal cord.
Paralysis of the spinal muscles.
Any disease of the spine.
Spinal paralysis.
Lateral curvature of the spine.
Incision into a vertebral canal for exploration.
Pain or gout in the spine.
Abnormal congenital opening of the vertebral column.
Surgical or anatomic opening of the vertebral canal.
Excision of a rootlet or resection of spinal nerve roots.
Disease of the nerve roots in or near the spinal canal as a result of direct pressure from a disc, or inflammation of the nerve roots due to disc or spinal joint disease.
Radiation Oncologist
A medical doctor who has received advanced training in the treatment of persons receiving x-ray treatment for an illness.
Radiation Physicist
A person having a PhD degree who is trained in the science dealing with the properties, changes and interactions of continuous energy.
A rootlet or structure resembling one, a minute veinlet joining with others to form a vein.
Relating to the radicle.
A medical doctor who has received specialized training in interpreting x-rays, CTs, MRIs and performing angiography.
Treatment of a lesion with radiation.
The lateral and shorter of the two bones of the foreman.
Recombinant Human Proteins
proteins developed by isolating a human protein and using recombinant DNA technology to produce genetically engineered proteins that act like natural proteins.
Referred Pain
Sclerotomic in distribution and felt distant from its origin (e.g., bursitis in the shoulder produces pain in the lateral arm, and sciatic-like leg pain can be referred from the lower-back area).
An involuntary reaction in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the nervous centers in the brain or spinal cord.
The surgical removal of part of a structure, such as bone.
The removal of bone tissue by normal physiological process or as part of a pathological process such as an infection.
Posterior displacement of the vertebra on the one below.
Reversal Of Cervical Lordosis
Change in the normal curvature of the cervical spine as seen on lateral radiograph. This is usually a straightening of the normal lordotic curve or an actual reversal and is most commonly caused by muscle spasm, indicating cervical disc abnormality.
Rheumatoid Arthritis
generalized inflammatory joint disease.
Division of the roots of the spinal nerves.
For scoliosis deformity; particular attention to fusion of facet joints and use of cast stabilization.
Roaf, Kirkaldy-willis, And Cattero
Drainage of thoracic spinal abscess through dorsolateral approach.
Robinson And Riley
An extensive anterior approach for fusion of C-1 to C-3 or lower.
In spinal applications, a slender, metal implant which is used to immobilize and alien the spine.
Roger Fusion
Posterior cervical using iliac cortical and cancellous grafts.
A combined anteroposterior device used in correction of spinal deformities.
The primary or beginning point of any part, as of a nerve at its origin from the brainstem or spinal cord.
Root Sleeve Fibrosis
Scar tissue surrounding a nerve in the spinal canal or neural foramen; epineural fibrosis. If it is within the nerve, it is called intraneural fibrosis.
Roundind Of The Cranial Border
Relationship of the height to the width of the rounded portion of the superior sacrum.
For stabilization between the skull and C-2; posterior bone graft with wire and parallel vertical screw plate fixation from occiput to C-3. Posterior pedicle screw and plate device for spinal stabilization.
Rudimentary Ribs
Nubbins of ribs seen below the level where the last rib normally occurs.
Ruptured Disc
See Herniated Disc.